Home Authors Posts by Georgette Movilé

Poetry lover and jazz addict, Georgette Movilé enjoys writing about art-related topics. With a background in Theatre and Literary Studies, once dreaming to be part of the ‘academia’, she now has a keen interest in cultural journalism and develops a great passion for arts management. Her style and taste are eclectic and she calls herself a hedonist open to, and ready to make the most of, the dazzling possibilities within the everyday. Want to meet the most starry-eyed-down-to-earth person you might ever encounter? Read her articles, get inspired and feel free to contact her.

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How much does a radiologist make? According to data from the BLS (the Bureau of Labor Statistics of the U.S.), the average radiologist made $393,865 per year in January 2018. This translates to $189 per hour.

The job of a radiologist fits the greater area known as diagnostic related technologists and technicians in the BLS occupational handbook. This category of jobs makes approximately $7,564 per week for the fiscal year of 2018. An interesting fact about how much does a radiologist make is how the upper 10% got paid compared to the lower 10%. Unlike other jobs where the median salary is twice the lower 10% and have the highest 105, the median radiologist salary is pretty stable.

The highest paid radiologists in the US can make up to $511,925 while the lowest paid 10% make $295,572 as of 2018. The salary generally varies depending on the industry where the specific radiologist chooses to get hired, or to the alma mater of the specific technician. Also, some states pay higher wages for radiologists compared to others. This usually depends on the demand for highly trained personnel.

Here’s a BLS list of the highest paid industries in terms of the radiologist salary:

Industry Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage
Oil and Gas Extraction$77.43$161,050
Chemical Manufacturing$70.32$146,270
Scientific Research and Development$70.09$145,780
Machinery, Equipment, and Supplies Merchant Wholesalers$69.49$144,540

"how much does a radiologist make radiologist looking at x rays"

How Much Does a Radiologist Make by Location

As we’ve previously said, radiologists can have wildly varying wages depending on the location where they choose to practice their profession. Some State areas have better schools and training programs for their radiologists. Therefore, they tend to value their radiologists more. Still, it’s not only about wages. The table below is here to show you that the employment levels of radiologists also matter.

State EmploymentHourly mean wageAnnual mean wage

According to the table above, the best places to stay in for radiologists seem to be Oklahoma, Alaska, and Virginia. However, we should also look at how much does a radiologist make in the best States:

StateCityAnnual mean wage
New YorkNew York City$466,912
MissouriPeabody, Massachusetts$441,642
PennsylvaniaLevittown, Pennsylvania$440,087
AlaskaFairbanks, Alaska$439,310

How Does a Radiologist Make Over Time

Radiologist salaries change depending on many different factors. For this occupation, the labor statistics website PayScale places the salary anywhere between $102,378 and $459,312. However, within this margin, they also include radiologist diagnosticians working in clinics. Still, according to the same website, here are a few factors influencing the Radiologist pay over time:

  • An entry-level radiologist (less than 5 years of experience) can make an average total compensation of $259,000 (tips, bonus, overtime).
  • A mid-career radiologist (5 – 10 years experience) is sure to earn an average total compensation of $293,000.
  • An experienced radiologist (10 – 20 years experience) can gain an average of $331,000.
  • A radiologist in the late stages (more than 20 years experience) of his or her career can earn as much as $326,000 on average.

Image source: depositphotos.com.

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According to data from the BLS (Bureau of Labor Statistics), the average event planner salary for the fiscal year 2014 was $46,490 per year, a sum that can be equaled with $22.35 per hour or $859 per week.

Even though that may seem like decent pay, the stark difference between the top earning 10% and the bottom 10% is to be noted. Thus, an average event planner salary can get as low as $25,940 per year or $12.47 per hour, for the least-paid ten points percentile. On the other end of the spectrum, we witness the top paid event planners salary jumping to almost twice the median wage, standing at $82,060 per year and $39.45 per hour.

Wage proportionality data for this job is inconclusive, thus, it cannot be accurately stated that there is wage inequality. Still, women earned an average of $840 per week, with 90,000 women taking up this position for 2014. As for men, 27,000 occupied this job in 2014, yet their number is too low for the BLS to show a statistic of their wages. However, it’s safe to assume that the average event planner salary for men was higher since the general mean weekly wage is higher compared to that for women.

The following table presents the average event planner salary in the highest paying areas:

IndustryHourly mean wageAnnual mean wage
Aerospace Product and Parts Manufacturing$40.17$83,560
Securities and Commodity Contracts Intermediation and Brokerage$35.74$74,340
Oil and Gas Extraction$35.15$73,110
Wired Telecommunications Carriers$33.99$70,700
Navigational, Measuring, Electromedical, and Control Instruments Manufacturing$33.32$69,300

"event planner salary average event planner salary event planners salary corporate event planner salary average event planner salary salary of an event planner"

Event Planner Salary by Location

Seeing as there are normal differences between states when it comes to employing people in these job positions, it’s only expected that the event planner salary differ. So much so that the highest mean wage per state or government district is found in DC, where employees earned $68,000. On the other side of this list, we see several states with event planner salaries of as little as #27,230.

Here is a list of the best paying states in the US:

State Hourly mean wageAnnual mean wage
District of Columbia$32.69$68,000
New York$29.80$61,980


However, the average event planner salary means nothing without consistent employment levels for that profession. Here is where the highest employment is at:

State Hourly mean wageAnnual mean wage
New York$29.80$61,980


Event Planner Salary Change over Time

The event planner salary is subject to a great degree of potential change. These changes can occur depending on several things:

  • Fast growth. An entry level event planner salary is generally 10% lower than the national average. However, the pay is projected to rise by 15% by mid-career, 24% at an experience level, and 30% for a late-career.
  • A particular set of skills. A good event planner will earn more than the average if he/she is good at event management, project management, budget management, and especially contract negotiation.

Image source: bridesmaidforhire.com

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What is critical thinking if not thinking smart? Simply put, the concept refers to the ability to think clearly. It involves systematic analysis or what it’s more pretentiously called critique. As the intellectual capacity of making precise judgments, it also implies evaluating and reasoning.

Critical thinking is exemplary of how the left hemisphere of the brain works. Its counterpart, creative thinking, is typical, of course, of how the right hemisphere of the brain functions.


What Is Critical Thinking as Defined by Theorists?

For a more informed answer to the question, let’s see how experts define the concept of critical thinking, and here we refer first to the representatives of the National Council for Excellence in Critical Thinking, Michael Scriven and Richard Paul.

Critical thinking is the intellectually disciplined process of actively and skillfully conceptualizing, applying, analyzing, synthesizing, and/or evaluating information gathered from, or generated by, observation, experience, reflection, reasoning, or communication, as a guide to belief and action.

[Source: www.criticalthinking.org]

Theorists associate the critical thinking definition with universal values such as clarity, accuracy, relevance, precision, depth, and fairness, to name just a few.

Essential Critical Thinking Questions

How to think critically? We are sure that the following essential critical thinking questions will help you change your reasoning habits.

critical thinker WHO: Who said it? Is it someone you know? Is it someone famous or important? Does it matter who said it?

WHAT: What did he/ she say?

WHERE: Where did they say it?

WHEN: When did they say it?

WHY: Why did they say that?

HOW: How did they say it?

Of course, a critical thinker can diversify this set of basic questions to fire up his or her critical thinking skills.

Core Critical Thinking Skills & Subskills

The main critical thinking skills include analysis, interpretation, evaluation, and explanation, to name just the essentials. Besides possessing such intellectual abilities, a critical thinker makes decisions and solves problems.

Here is a short list of core critical thinking skills and subskills, credited by  Dr. Peter Facione in his essay Critical Thinking: What It Is and Why It Counts:

Interpretation (What Does This Mean?)


  • Categorize and clarify meanings;
  • Decode significance.

Helpful Critical Thinking Questions:

  • How should we understand that?
  • What is the best way to characterise this?
  • What was intended by saying that in this specific context?
  • How can we make sense out of this experience, feeling, or statement?

Analysis (Why Do You Think That?)


  • Examine arguments;
  • Identify new ideas;
  • Identify reasons and claims.

Helpful Critical Thinking Questions:

  • What are the pro and con arguments?
  • What is the basis for saying that?
  • What is the conclusion?

Inference (What Does This Evidence Imply?)


  • Query evidence;
  • Conjecture alternatives;
  • Draw conclusions.

Helpful Critical Thinking Questions:

  • Given what we know so far, what conclusions can we draw?
  • If we accepted/ abandoned that assumption, how would things change?
  • What are the consequences of doing this?
  • What are the alternatives we haven’t yet explored?

Evaluation (Do We Have Our Facts Right?)


  • Assess claim credibility;
  • Asses argument quality.

Helpful Critical Thinking Questions:

  • How credible is that claim?
  • How strong are those arguments?
  • How confident can we be in your conclusion?

Explanation (Why Do You Think That?)


  • State results;
  • Justify procedures;
  • Present arguments.

Helpful Critical Thinking Questions:

  • What were the specific findings of the analysis?
  • How did you come to that result/ conclusion/ interpretation?
  • How would you explain how this decision was made?
  • How you conducted that analysis?

Self-Regulation (How Good is Our Evidence?)


  • Self-monitor;
  • Self-correct.

Helpful Critical Thinking Questions:

  • How good were our arguments/ evidence/ conclusion?
  • Can we revisit what we mean by certain things?
  • Can we be more precise?

These skills can be developed not only by using critical thinking questions but also critical thinking exercises.

Top Tips to Help you Think Critically

Developing critical thinking skills require time and patience. How to improve critical thinking easily? Start cultivating your critical thinking skills by taking a critical thinking test. The results will determine what kind of thinker you are and what needs improvements.

Other examples of critical thinking exercises you can use to enhance this intellectual ability consist of critical thinking games and critical thinking quizzes, as well as critical thinking puzzles.

Barriers to Critical Thinking

How many of the following barriers to critical thinking do you experience in your day-to-day life?

  • Poor listening and Reading skills
  • Prejudice & Bias (group and self-serving bias)
  • Superstition & Distrust of reason
  • Selective memory & Selective perception
  • Fear of change
  • Face-saving
  • Self-deception
  • Ego- and sociocentrism (group-centered and self-centered thinking)
  • Mindless conformism
  • Stereotyping
  • Short-term thinking & Wishful thinking
  • Over-impowering emotions

A critical thinker exhibits qualities that come to counterpart the traits mentioned above. These are open-mindedness, honesty, independent thinking, self-awareness, courage, and passion.

Why Is Critical Thinking Important?

Thinking critically is beneficial both for our physical and mental health. It enhances learning capacities and encourages a state of well-being at the same time.

Interestingly, critical thinking promotes creativity and it is also an important tool of self-reflection and discovery. According to a New York University report on the importance of critical thinking, entitled “Why Critical Thinking?”, such skills can help us make use of our emotional appeal effectively.

In addition, critical thinking is essential in present-day social and economic context. Since our world is driven by technology, there’s no surprise that the highest paid jobs are performed by critical thinkers. 

More importantly, critical thinking is said to help people better understand each other, thus enhancing our ability to communicate and adapt to various circumstances. It helps us avoid making wrong personal decisions and aid in the development of a healthy work ethic.

So, the benefits of critical thinking cover not only our academic or workplace-related performance but also our daily life.

Further Reading: Recommended Critical Thinking Books

The foundation for critical thinking is asking the right questions. So, the first resource to recommend would be:

Asking the Right Questions – A Guide to Critical Thinking by M. Neil Browne and Stuart M. Keeley

Here’s what we got for career development and student success:

Critical Thinking: Tools for Taking Charge of Your Learning and Your Life by Richard Paul and Linda Elder

Critical thinking and problem solving go hand in hand. So, you might find this book useful in improving your critical thinking skills:

Problem Solving & Comprehension by Arthur Whimbey and Jack Lochhead

As we’ve seen so far today’s society places a high value on critical thinking. Should we all do the sale? What does critical thinking mean to you? Are you a critical thinker or a creative thinker? Have we managed to answer to “what is critical thinking?” detailed enough? Feel free to comment. Think critically! :)

Image Sources: 1, 2.

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Chris Maurice Brown born on the 5th of May 1989 is an American singer, dancer and actor with a net worth of $30 million. He rose to stardom in 2005 with the success of his release “Run it!” that charted number 1 in the U.S.A., Australia, and New Zeeland. Alongside his musical exploits, Chris Brown also tackled with the movie industry, some of his most notable roles being in the movies “Stomp the Yard” and “Takers”.

Chris Brown Net Worth: $30 million

Let’s take a look at how the artist attained such wealth and managed to reach worldwide acclaim.

Chris Brown Net Worth

Brown’s Bio and Career Development

Chris Brown was born in Tappahannock, Virginia to Joyce Hawkins and Clinton Brown. In his interviews, Brown stated that his earliest influences were Michael Jackson, Otis Redding, Sam Cooke or Donny Hathaway influenced his musical career.

Listening to his parents soul records, learning how to dance from watching Michael Jackson videos set him on the path of a musical career. His earliest musical exploits came in the form of performing in the church choir and several local talent shows.

As such, beginning with the age of 11, Chris Brown has set his mind on pursuing a musical career. His breakthrough came at the age of 13 when he was discovered by a team of talent scouts at his father’s gas station. From there he moved to New York recording in the following two years.

Chris Brown Net Worth Over the Years

Finally, he started working on his debut album in 2004 with the aid of producers such as Scott Storch, The Underdogs, Dre & Vidal, Bryan Michael Cox, Bow Wow and Jermaine Dupri.

As a result, Chris Brown’s breakthrough came in 2005 with the release of his debut album that charted at number 2 in Billboard 200. His first single “Run It!” debuted on the 92nd place in Billboard Hot 100. Fourteen weeks later it topped the charts by reaching the first position. As a result, the single received the platinum disc. As such Chris Brown’s net worth began to grow exponentially.

In the following year, Chris Brown began “The Up Close and Personal Tour” to promote his album. As a result of scheduling conflicts with the tour the second studio album was postponed. Furthermore, Brown also took part of Beyonce’s tour “The Beyonce Experience” that took place in Australia.

After further touring with Ne-Yo, Brown finally began work on his second album. Although the album was meant to be released to the general public on the 28th of August 2007, it was postponed for the 6th of November 2007.  Further increase of his net worth came through his acting exploits in the same year with titles such as “Stomp the Yard”.

The second album entitled “Exclusive” debuted on the 4th position in the Billboard 200 charts. On a global level, the album managed to reach the sixth position faring worse than the previous album. The first single off the album “Wall to Wall” is one of the artists’ less successful songs. Nevertheless, the album scored higher points with the critics than the debut lp. The year also saw a number of collaborations with artists such as Jordin Sparks, Lil’ Mama and David Banner. The most well-received collaboration was the one with the winner of American Idol, Jordin Sparks. Their single “No Air” achieved to enter the top 10 charts from Australia, New Zeeland, U.K., and U.S.A.

The artist’s third studio recording was released in December 2009. “Graffiti” debuted on the seventh position in the charts. The first single was released prior with a month in September and is entitled “I Can Transform Ya”. The album fared poorly with the critics and in the sales department.

A relapse came in May of 2010 when Brown released a compilation with Tyga titled “Fan of a Fan”. The single “Deuces” recorded with Tyga and Kevin McCall reached the first spot in the charts and remained there for seven weeks. This would be Brown’s first single after “Say Goodbye” in 2006 that managed to reach number one.

Brown managed to regain his popularity with the release of his fourth album “F.A.M.E.” Launched on the March 18, 2011, it debuted on the first spot in Billboard 200. Although the album received mixed critics, it sold 270.000 copies in the first week alone. The first single off the album “Yeah 3x” went onto the top 10 of eleven countries. The second single “Look at Me Now” saw the collaboration with fellow rappers Lil Wayne and Busta Rhymes, obtaining the first place in the Hot Rap Songs charts.

The album “F.A.M.E.” brought Chris Brown his first Grammy for “Best R&B Album” on February 12, 2012. His fifth studio album entitled “Fortune” was launched on July the 3rd 2012. Although it received negative reviews, it managed to top the Billboard 200 charts. The artist’s last solo album came on September 16, 2014. Entitled “X”, the album scored well with critics in terms of sound, however, many were left unimpressed by its lyrical content.

On February 24, 2015, Chris Brown alongside Tyga launched the album “Fan of a Fan: The Album.” The album earned $2,400,000 further increasing Chris Brown’s net worth.

In terms of acting, Chris Brown has been seen in movies such as “Takers” and “Stomp the Yard” just to name a few. Chris Brown’s net worth wasn’t the only thing that got a boost from his acting career. Fans and critics received well the portrayals of Brown on-screen.

Although the artist suffered from image crises since 2008 beginning with the Rihanna incident, his net worth luckily remained unaltered. Know for his short-temper, even before the domestic abuse scandal, Chris Brown managed to secure a net worth rivaling many fellow contemporary artists.

The artist also involved himself in charity work. He donated the sum of $50.000 to St. Jude Research Hospital for Children. The tour “Up Close & Personal” profits helped fund this donation. Chris Brown’s net worth also has been used to create the “Symphonic Love” Foundation. The foundation wishes to help children learn about art, from handcrafting and cooking all the way to graffiti, according to the artist.

Quick Facts about ‘BReezy’

Full NameChris Maurice Brown
Date and Place of Birth5th of May, 1989, Tappahannock, Virginia
Known ForSinging, Acting
Chris Brown Net Worth$30 million
Source of WealthMusic & Acting
GenresR&B, Pop
VoiceSpinto Tenor
Best-loved SinglesRun It!, Loyal, Only
Important AwardsGrammy
Family and SpousesParents: Joyce Hawkins and Clinton Brown

The total of sixth solo studio albums so far and acting exploits, as well as having songs featured movies and tv shows such as “Pretty Little Liars” , “Rio 2”, “How to Train Your Dragon 2”, ensured Chris Brown net worth of $30 million.

Image Source: 1.

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If you’ve ever attended a party or been to a club, chances are that you’ve also come across a DJ. DJs, also referred to as Deejays or Disk Jockeys are the main entertainment providers at a party. They’re the ones playing your favorite music and, most importantly, making sure that everyone is having an excellent time. Of course, being a DJ isn’t a breeze. It involves constant self-improvement, craft refining and a great sense of people. After all, how can you entertain your audience if you can’t connect to it?

The question, though, is whether their efforts are truly recognized. You may have already asked yourself: “ how much does a DJ make ”?

how much does a dj make

Though the fees of a DJ vary greatly, here’s what you should now:

There are multiple factors that are taken into consideration when setting a DJs booking fee. They include:

  • The market
  • Talent
  • Experience
  • Audience (the audience drawn by specific DJs)
  • Region and City
  • The shift
  • The deal itself
  • The type of DJ: club DJs and radio DJs are paid different fees

The Average Salary of a DJ in the US

Figures differ greatly when it comes to a DJs average salary. But excluding top-earning notorieties such as Calvin Harris, Tiesto or Avicii, the average salary of a club DJ is somewhere around $30,000. Radio DJs, by contrast, only average $28,000 in annual earnings, although they may bring in more money depending on audience and traction.

The starting salary of a radio DJ gravitated around $25,000. With time, radio disk jockeys could earn anywhere between $35,000 and $60,000 yearly, though actually obtaining a job as a radio DJ is particularly difficult.

Official statistics released by the Bureau of Labor revealed that the lowest 10 percent of DJs earned approximately $16,590 yearly. By contrast, the top 10 percent earned well over $72,000.

Of course, DJs rarely have a fixed salary, as their income mostly stems from gigs and individual events they are booked for. A club DJ can often find himself in the odd situation of being paid in drink tickets. The reverse is also true. They may find themselves earning millions of dollars yearly, though the average fee/gig gravitates around $300-$500.

The question is whether such fees are enough to reward the dedication and efforts that go into becoming a DJ. After all, you can’t become one overnight. You need a deep knowledge of music, a great ear as well as thousands of hours of practice. Not to mention the equipment. Club DJs normally use vinyl records, CDs or MP3s that are played on mixers, turntables, and complex sound systems. This is sensitive equipment and DJs also have a hard time transporting their equipment from gig to gig.

dj mixer and headphones

A DJ therefore has to invest a lot of money, not only in high-quality equipment but also mixer flight cases that ensure that this equipment isn’t damaged between gigs.

How Much do the Richest DJs Make?

The world’s highest paid DJs make average ones pale by comparison. Since electronic dance music has left the underground and pierced mainstream consciousness, DJs have become the poster kids of talent and innovation. Whether EDM (electronic dance music) is truly the next generation of music, as DJs believe, remains to be seen. Even so, today’s highest paid DJs receive staggering amounts of money for their performances.

Gawker published an article on DJ revenue that may surprise you, if you weren’t familiar with what such DJs generally make. Calvin Harris tops the list, having earned over $66 million in 2014. Both Harris and other DJs, including Avicii, deadmau5 and David Guetta earn over $150,000 per gig, though these aren’t firm figures.

David Guetta came in second in 2014 with $30 million in earnings, while Avicii tied for the third position with Tiesto, earning $28 million last year. Here are other world-famous DJs who earned millions in 2014:

  • Steve Aoki: $23 million
  • Afrojack: $22 million
  • Zedd: $21 million
  • Kaskade: $17 million
  • Skrillex: $16.5 million
  • Deadmau5: $16 million
  • Hardwell: $13 million
  • Armin van Buuren: $13 million
  • Steve Angello: $12 million

What Does it Take to Become a DJ

These figures will surely have you second-guessing your career choices, but before any rash decision, take a moment to consider what it takes to become a DJ. You may be fooled into thinking that it involves round-the-clock partying but think again. Being a DJ is a round-the-clock job, where employers will ask and expect you to come in early. You’ll most likely have to help with everything from setting up to promotional planning.

“It’s all about the music, the attitude, the style, going to different events…[…] You have to be part of the community, not just show up to do your shift and go home.”

Working Hours

Most club DJs work nights and weekends, especially Thursday through Saturday, so if you’re set on becoming a DJ prepare for sleep deprivation.

Skills and Requirements

dj mixer and turntable

Radio DJs also have a lot of “homework” to do. They’re expected to be abreast of current events, new movies and fresh albums and this means preparation. They also have to monitor their competition, follow popular TV shows and be capable of talking about all this things on the air.

Technical skills are also a prerequisite. Operating the sound systems, mixers and turntables isn’t as easy as it seems. Most DJs are self-taught, despite the fact that certain schools and classes exist. Aside from actually mixing, DJs are also expected to have production experience (especially if they hope to create original tracks).

Here are some of the essential skills that a DJ requires to succeed in his chosen field:

  • Technical know-how
  • Excellent communication
  • Networking and social media abilities (to grow their fan base)
  • Songwriting skills
  • Production experience
  • Easy-going personality
  • Flexibility

Most club DJs don’t have fixed salaries and they depend on gigs for their monthly and yearly income. Networking is therefore an essential factor. Competition is also fierce among DJs. When you’re just starting out, expect clubs and bars to ask you to play sets for free before offering to pay you for a gig. They argue that it’s the way they get to know new DJs and learn more about their audience, play style and work ethic.

But despite the hurdles, being a DJ is fulfilling. There’s nothing like the feeling of bringing joy to a room full of people.

“The best thing about being a DJ is making people happy. There is nothing like seeing people get up from a table to dance or the expression on their face when they hear a song they love,” Chelsea Leyland.

Photo credits: 1 , 2 , 3

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In the last decade we have witnessed that electronic music has risen in popularity, more and more people listening to this style every day. But for most of us when we think of electronic music we take it as a whole. Similar to rock and hip-hop, electronic music falls in many sub-genres. So what are the most popular electronic music genres?

From Lollapalooza and Coachella to Glastonbury and Sonar, almost every respectable music festival hosts electronic music sets. Of course there are music festivals especially created for a specific music genre, but we can all agree that there isn’t a major music fest that doesn’t host at least one internationally acclaimed DJ.

popular electronic music genre

Before we begin presenting our list of popular electronic music genres I would like to mention one thing. Some of you will argue that this artist is not activating in that genre and so on. To put it simple, the lines between electronic music genres have been for better or worse blurred in some instances. But giving the fact that they all draw from what is now considered the classic electronic music genre, made famous by bands such as Kraftwerk (who, let’s face it,were the pioneers of this genre) makes this topic very debatable.

So what are the most popular electronic music genres?

  1. Tribal Electronic Music

Probably everybody heard at least once in their lifetime an electronic song that includes beats otherwise known as tribal. If not, go check it out now! Native American culture provided in the 21st century one of the most revitalizing sounds in electro and in music in general. The pow wow drum can simply make you start dancing, which is why we have included this genre in our list.

One group we absolutely adore, which performs in this genre and actually managed to revive it is A Tribe Called Red. The 3 piece Ottawa based group can deliver some of the most groundbreaking live performances. Their visual projections go hand-in-hand with their sound, making everybody dance. Although sometimes disregarded for the similarity in name with the golden age rap group, A Tribe Called Red will knock your socks off.

  1. Dubstep Sub-Genre

What can I say about this genre? It’s loud, with various tempo drops and greatly despised by parents. Nevertheless, this electronic music genre creeped its way into the hearts of millions worldwide. Artists such as Rusko, Borgore or Skrillex increase its fame status.

To confirm its worldwide status, this electronic music genre has been at least once played in an underground club. Let’s face it, speakers want to be abused by this music.

  1. House Music

No argue about it, house music is probably the best known, widely-seen electronic music in clubs all over the world. It is one of the most commercially acclaimed music styles of all time due its good reception with audiences. Some critically acclaimed artists who made a name for themselves in this genre are Deadmau5, Zedd, Daft Punk.

Its origins are said to be found in the 1980’s Chicago from the electronic dance music genre. Inspiration from various disco songs alongside synthesizers and drum machines were the foundation for this music genre. This style spawned several sub-genres such as euro house, jump house, tech house, electro house.

  1. Trance Music

Trance music has been generally regarded as the continuation of house. In some instances trance music is considered to be what house music should have been. House music has reached a certain commercial success and even incorporated various pop elements, see David Guetta. That is why trance has in many instances taken over the lead in many nightclubs.

This genre was developed in the 90’s in Germany. It is characterized by repeating melodic phrases, a music style that builds up and down throughout its track, with a tempo ranging from 125 to 140 beats per minute (BPM).

Regardless of it being a style on its own, trance music incorporates elements from other music genres and sub-genres. Techno, house, pop, chill-out or classical music elements are known to be incorporated into trance music.

  1. Drum and Bass Sub-Genre

Another electronic music genre which originates from Europe is Drum and Bass. Created in the 1990’s in England it was also commonly refereed to as Jungle. It has fast beats, with heavy bass and sub-bass lines. The bass lines are often created with the aid of synthesizers as well as samples.

Even though drum and bass might have decreased in popularity since the beginning of the current decade, it is still well-received worldwide. A few popular artists from this genre are Ed Rush and Optical, Pendulum, Netsky, Black Sun Empire, Prodigy.

So this is our list of the most popular electronic music genres. We agree that everyone is different and has its own preferences. It is difficult when writing an article on such a topic to try to include everything, that is why took the effort to at least compile the best known electronic music genres. One thing that gained my curiosity about electronic music has nothing to do with the music altogether.

Two great writers from the previous century, included references about electronic music without even having the chance to listen to it. Aldous Huxley and George Orwell wrote in their books (“A Brave New World” and “1984”) that the music of the future will be represented by what we refer today as electronic. It is impressive for me to observe that two of the greatest literary minds foresaw the future. Without even knowing what it sounds like, not to mention that there were no house clubs in the 1930’s and 40’s, they knew that the masses would be drawn more and more to this genre.

So there you have it: a selection of most popular electronic music genres today. Feel free to give us your feedback and leave us a comment with your favorite electronic music genres and artists. Also, be sure to read our article on “How to Make Electronic Music at Home” if you are considering kick-starting your musical career. I wish you good luck and happy jamming!

Image Sources: 1.


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As lead singer of The Supremes, Diana Ross rose to stardom in the 60’s. Throughout her career she featured counteless songs, appeared in almost a dozen of movies and signed the soundtrack of some iconic movies. As such, Diana Ross net worth valued at $160 million, makes her one the most illustrious recording artists.

Diana Ross Net Worth: $160 million

So how did she manage to attain such wealth? We’ll let’s take a look at how she rose to such fame.

diana ross

“In my life I want to keep moving forward, but sometimes reflection is a good thing.”

Diana’s Bio and Career Development

Born Diane Ernestine Earle Ross, on the 26th of March 1944, Detroit, she started her career as a singer in the gospel choir of a Baptist church.

Her rise to stardom began when together with a group of friends, Mary Wilson, Florence Ballard and Barbara Martin, formed a group in their teenage years called ‘The Primettes’. While Barbara Martin dropped out, the remaining three members went on to form one of the most highly critically acclaimed group: ‘The Supremes’ which later on has been renamed “Diana Ross and The Supremes”

They achieved international success during the 60’s, performing R&B and pop music. Having been signed to Motown Records by the famous record producer and company founder, Barry Gordy Jr, they scored their first no.1 hit in 1964. ‘Where Did Our Love Go?’ was just the first in a long-series of no.1 hits, followed by another 11 hits melting the charts.

After leaving the group for a solo career in 1969, she continued to remain a powerhouse in the genre, with hits such as ‘Reach Out and Touch Somebody’s Hand’ and ‘Ain’t No Mountain High Enough’.

Diana Ross didn’t only make a name for herself in the music industry. Soon she began tackling projects in the movie industry too. In 1972 she was casted in Billie Holiday’s biopic ‘Lady Sings the Blues’ for which she received an Oscar nomination for Best Actress for her performance. She did however landed a major win in the Golden Globe ceremony, where she won the Golden Globe for Best Actress, for her 1972 debut performance.

She continued landing parts in 1975’s ‘The Mahogany’, co-starring Billy Dee Williams and Anthony Perkins, as well as the classic tale adaptation of Oz, in the 1978 rendition ‘The Wiz’.

Some of her most famous hits are:

‘Back in My Arms Again’ – 1965

‘Stop! In the Name of Love’ – 1965

‘The Happening’ – 1967

‘Someday We’ll Be Togheter’ – 1969

‘Touch Me in the Morning’ – 1973

‘Theme From Mahogany (Do You Know Where You’re Going To)’ – 1976

‘Love Hangover’ – 1976

‘Upside Down’ – 1980

‘Why Do Fools Fall in Love’ – 1981

‘Muscles’ – 1982

‘When You Tell Me That You Love Me’ – 1991

Diana Ross Net Worth Over the Years

Beginning with 1965 Diana Ross started receiving nominations and awards for both her music and acting careers. She landed her first nomination in 1965 for the song ‘Baby Love’, with the Supremes. The following year The Supreme received another nomination for the song ‘Stop! In the name of Love’. In 1971 and 1972, Ross landed nominations for Best Female Pop Vocal Performance and Best Female R&B Vocal Performance.

The year 1973 didn’t only witness her acting debut, but also her first nominations at the Academy Awards and Golden Globe Ceremony, for her role in the movie ‘Lady Sings the Blues’. Although she lost the Oscar to Liza Minelli’s performance in ‘Cabaret’, Ross did manage however to take home the Golden Globe for her role as Billie Holliday.

Throughout her career, Diana Ross won several major awards such as the Golden Globe, Tony and American Music Award. She was also inducted into the Rock’n’Roll Hall of Fame in 1988 as part of The Supremes.

In 1993 she was declared by the Guinness Book of World Records to be most successful female singer in history. Two years later, in 1995, she was also awarded the Heritage Award for Lifetime Achievement on the Soul Train Awards. Diana Ross received her first Grammy Award in 2012 for Lifetime Achievement.

Diana Ross also produced a couple of television movies, in which she also starred. First was ‘Out of Darkness’ in 1994, followed by ‘Double Platinum’ in 1999.

In addition to her illustrious career, Diana Ross was involved in many charities over the years. Some of the most notable causes she supports are AIDS&HIV, Parkinson and Veteran/Service Member Support.

Diana Ross performed at the Nobel Peace Concert in 2008 and also supported Celebrity Fight Night Foundation, Elton John AIDS Foundation, Muhammad Ali Parkinson Center and the United Service Organization.

Her music featured on the soundtrack of many popular movies including ‘The Land Before Time’ (1988) ‘Bridget Jone’s Diary’ (2001), ‘Happy Gilmore’ (1996), ‘Chicken Little’ (2005) just to name a few.


      Quick Facts about the ‘Queen of Motown’

Full NameDiana Ernestine Earle Ross
Date and Place of Birth 26th of March, 1944, Detroit, Michigan
Known ForSinging, Acting
Diana Ross Net Worth$160 million
Source of WealthMusic & Acting
GenresR&B, Soul, Jazz, Gospel, Pop
VoiceLight lyrics soprano
Best-loved SinglesStop! In the Name of LoveLove HangoverMuscles
Important Awards Golden GlobeAmerican Music AwardsTony Award

Rock’n’Roll Hall of Fame


Family and SpousesRobert Ellis Silberstein (1971-1977) ; Arne Rudolf Ludvig Raab (1985-200)Children: Rhonda (whom Ross had with Gordy Jr.), Tracee, Chudney, Ross and Evan


So there you have it. Diana Ross’s career set up the bar for R&B and pop artists alike. Multi-talented in both singing and acting made her one of the most iconic stars in pop culture.

I hope you enjoyed our article on Diana Ross net worth, and wish it was most knowledgeable. For more information on stars related net worth please visit our Entertainment & Art section.

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Kevin Spacey is currently one of the most successful Hollywood actors, known especially for his role in the American political TV series House of Cards. Apart from his acting career, he is also a film and theater director, television producer and screenwriter. His trademark is impersonating enigmatic and dark, complex characters, which brought him not only public attention but also critical acclaim and, naturally, million of dollars. Kevin Spacey net worth, Academy Awards and Oscar trophies are proof of both his hitting success and great talent. With a fortune valued at $80 million, Spacey leads People with Money’s list of 100 highest paid actors released on June 30, 2015.

Kevin Spacey Net Worth: $80 million

As recorded by Forbes, Kevin Spacey net worth is currently estimated to $80 million, which makes him one of the richest Hollywood celebrities. In 2014, he ranked number 74 in Forbes’ list of 100 highest paid celebrities. Last year they valued his annual income at $16 million. With a new salary negotiated at no less than $500,000 per each episode of House of Cards, his fortune seems to grow bigger and bigger.

Hollywood actor Kevin Spacey

Not only that Spacey is one of the top paid American actors, but he is also considered one of the hottest actors alive. He appeared in the Rolling Stones’ “Hot” issue twice, in 1988 and 1995 as “Hot Character”, and is said to be voted again as the sexiest actor of 2018 by Glamour Magazine.

Kevin Spacey: Bio and Career Development

Born on the 26th of July, 1959, in New Jersey, USA, Spacey has Swedish and English family roots. Both enigmatic and talented, he discovered his passion for acting at an early age. However, the first steps made on a stage were in high school, when he played Captain von Trapp in The Sound of Music and found a great pleasure in watching revival movies at the NuArt Theatre with his mates. His celebrity impersonations for an amateur comedy club are also part of his first performances.

Spacey started his acting career on stage in the 1980s as a messenger in New York Shakespeare production of Henry VI. His Broadway debut soon followed by playing in Ibsen’s Ghosts. During those years, he was highly influenced by Jack Lemmon who saw in him a versatile and gifted performer. But his interest eventually turned to film, although he continued to play for theatre. At the beginning of the 1990s he even earned a Tony Award for his portrayal of Uncle Louie in Neil Simon’s Lost in Yonkers.

His proper career in the movie industry started with a small part in Heartburn (1986) and continued with modest roles until he got to play the villain on the TV series Wiseguy in 1987. After a few quite minor parts, he rocked with his famous performance in The Usual Suspects (1995), when portraying the creepy character Verbal Kint. This role brought him an Oscar for Best Supporting Actor and attracted another complex part, his role in David Fincher’s film Se7en the same year.

After his successful appearances as an actor, in 1996, Kevin Spacey made his debut as a director with a drama – Albino Alligator. After just one year, he returned to acting and was highly praised by critics for his performance is L.A. Confidential as detective Jack Vincennes.

By the end of the 1990s, Kevin Spacey was more than well-seen among Hollywood actors. Not only that American Beauty (1999) catapulted him at the center of public attention, but he also received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame. His performance in this black satire made him notorious, and also earned him an Oscar for Best Actor.

Kevin Spacey’s career development shows a skilled and extremely versatile performer, able to play complex supporting roles as well as headliners. Also, in 2003 he returns to his first passion, the theatre, being appointed artistic director of the famous Old Vic Theatre in London. For more than a decade he performed on stage and directed plays. Some of these failed to be successful, some were hits, but they are all part of this artist’s complex career.

In 2013 Kevin Spacey returns to the screen, taking a lead role in the political drama House of Cards as Frank Underwood. The Netflix series’ first season was well received with a Primetime Emmy Award nomination. In 2014 he won a Golden Globe Award for Best Actor in a Television Series Drama, after being nominated for the same award one year before.

Apart from bringing the actor in the limelight again, House of Cards boosted Kevin Spacey net worth with quite a few million of dollars.

As regards his private life, Spacey is known to be quite secretive. He is part of those Hollywood celebrities that play their cards close to their chest. The more successful he becomes, the more discreet he is. ‘Success is like death, he says. The more successful you become, the higher the houses in the hills get and the higher the fences get.’

Kevin Spacey Net Worth Over Time

The actor-director’s earnings grew tremendously after receiving his House of Cards leading role. With a newly negotiated salary of $500,000 for each episode of this political thriller hit, Kevin Spacey net worth is now estimated to $80 million in combined earnings. His salary is predicted to reach $1 million for the next season.

According to imdb.com, the actor’s salary for The Negotiator (1998) was no less than $4,500,000. However, the source of his wealth is not entirely due to his career in the glam industry. Part of his fortune is based on stock investments and highly valuable properties. He is known to own several restaurants and a football team, and apart from all these, he launched his own vodka brand, perfume and fashion line.

Quick Facts

Full NameKevin Spacey Fowler
Date and Place of Birth July 26, 1959, South Orange, New Jersey, USA
ResidenceLondon, United Kingdom
Kevin Spacey Net Worth$80 million
Source of Wealth Film Industry

Stock Investments

Known forThe Usual Suspects


L.A. Confidential

American Beauty

House of Cards

Important AwardsAcademy Award for Best Supporting ActorAcademy Award for Best ActorOscar for Best Supporting ActorOscar for Best Actor
Marital Status Single
Properties and Assets Property in South OrangeHouse in Boston Restaurant chain in Washington

If you enjoyed our article on Kevin Spacey net worth and career development, check out our Entertainment & Arts section to get a glimpse of the luxurious lifestyles of other celebrities as well. If you have any thoughts, ideas or suggestions to share with us, please drop us a line in the comment box below. Thanks!

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Sean Penn is one of the most acclaimed Hollywood actors, best-known for playing intense, powerful characters. Apart from being a truly gifted, Oscar winning performer, he is also known as a screenwriter, producer and director. His successful career in the film industry is not the only sector that caught the eye of the press and public. The actor is also famous for his colorful private life and controversial political beliefs. Sean Penn net worth is another aspect that made fans curious. Let’s find out more about his career and rewards over time.

Sean Penn Net Worth: $150 million

With an annual income estimated to   $18 million, Sean Penn net worth is now valued at $150 million and growing.

Sean Penn recent photograph

Sean Penn’s Bio and Career Development

Born in Los Angeles on the 9th of August, 1960, Hollywood’s ‘bad boy’ grew up in a creative environment populated by future-to be celebrities like Charlie Sheen. He is the son of two gifted parents, the actress Eileen Ryan and actor, director and writer Leo Penn. Sean Penn’s brother, Michael, is also active in the entertainment and arts sector as a singer and director, while his younger brother, Chris, is also an actor.

Penn started his acting career in a TV show directed by his father – Little House on the Prairie. However, he properly debuted in the movie industry with a role in Taps, in 1981, performing alongside the acclaimed actor Tom Cruise. The roles which contributed to his reputation as a talented actor, however, were for Fast Times at Ridgemont High, Bad Boys and the Snowman.

If you wonder what boosted Sen Penn net worth over time, his was just one of the factors. His career development was supported by both enthusiast fans and positive reviews from critics.

During the 1990s Sean Penn got noticed for his versatile performances in films such as the crime drama Carlito’s Way (1993) and Dead Man Walking (1995), for which he received his first Oscar nomination, first Academy Award nomination and the Best Actor Award at the Berlin Film Festival. The Game (1997), The Thin Red Line (1998) and Sweet and Lowdown (1999) are a few other important films he starred during the period. Woody Allen’s film, Sweet and Lowdown, brought him another Oscar nomination, definitely contributing to the career development and fame, but also to Sean Penn net worth.

After a decade, he was awarded two Academy Awards for his brilliant appearances in Mystic River (2003) and Milk (2008).  So, the most fertile and profitable period for his career began after 2000.  For his role in I am Sam (2001) he received another Oscar nomination. Sean Penn won the Oscar for Best Actor two years later for his role in Mystic River.

Among Sean Penn’s rewards, the Best Actor Award of the Cannes Film Festival for She’s So Lovely (1997), and the two Best Actor Awards at the Venice Film Festival for Hurlyburly (1998) and 21 Grams (2003) are also worth mentioning.

Even if Sean Penn net worth is bases on his acting career, his directing activity is also one of Penn’s sources of wealth. He is known as a director for Indian Runner (1991), and The Crossing Guard (1995).

As regards his popularity, his private life also had a great impact on his public image. He acquired an incredible measure of fame by marring the iconic pop diva Madonna in 1985. Their stormy marriage ended up four years later.

His second marriage, with the House of Cards actress Robin Wright lasted for fourteen years. They got married in 1996, had two children and separated in 2009. Sean Penn net worth didn’t remain untouched either. Penn’s second divorce came at a considerable price as Robin Wright got half of his assets.

In December 2014 he got engaged with the fabulous actress Charlize Theron, but according to latest news, they have sadly split.

In addition to his acting and directing activity, the actor is known for his political attitude as well. His criticism of George W. Bush administration and contact with the Presidents of Venezuela and Cuba were hot topics for the press, as well as his social activism and humanitarian work.

Sean Penn Net Worth Over Time

If you wonder how Sean Penn net worth increased over the years, we have some well-researched answers for you. If in 2011 his fortune was valued at $77 million, by 2014 it almost doubled. In 2012 he added almost $25 million to his wealth, followed by another $24 million in 2013. Currently Sean Penn net worth is estimated to $150 million.

As regards his earnings from the movies he starred, according to imdb.com, his salary for Shanghai Surprise (1986) was $1,000,000, while for Hurlyburly (1998) he received only $150,000. The Thin Red Line (1998)            earned him $300,000, while I Am Sam (2001) really made a difference with $5,000,000.

Among Sean Penn’s highest income as a result of his acting activity, it’s worth mentioning his $12,500,000 salary for his role in California Births. Another $9,375,000 entered his pocket for Fast Times at Ridgemont High, and $8,571,429 for Don’t Get Him Starter.

Featuring in diverse programs and projects also brought his over $4 million.

Where did Sean Penn’s Money Go?

Sean Penn spent a great amount on properties and assets valued at over $35 million. But the famous Hollywood actor is also known and praised for his philanthropic activities and charity campaigns.

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Sean Penn’s House in Malibu

Over the years he actively supported a great number of humanitarian causes, traveling the world to help rescuing people such as the victims of the Hurricane Katrina or the 2011 Haiti earthquake. He also supports charities such as Artists for Peace and Justice, and Kelly Slater Foundation.

Quick Facts

Full NameSean Justin Penn
Date and Place of Birth August 17, 1960

Los Angeles, California, U.S.

Sean Penn Net Worth$150 million
Source of Wealth Acting

Film directing

Personal Projects

Known forI am Sam

Mystic River


Important AwardsIndependent Spirit Award for Best Male Lead

National Society of Film Critics Award for Best Actor

Silver Bear for Best Actor          

Cannes Film Festival Award for Best Actor

Academy Award for Best Actor

Golden Globe Award for Best Actor

Broadcast Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor

FamilyEx-wives: Madonna, Robin Wright

Children: Dylan Frances Penn and Hopper Jack Penn

Properties and Assets House in California (valued $10 million)

House in Malibu (valued $13 million)

House in San Francisco (valued $15 million)

Ford Mustang (valued $100,000)

I hope you enjoyed our article about Sean Penn net worth and career development. If you are curious how much other celebrities have earned over their activity, and what they are known for check out our Entertainment & Arts section. For any questions, suggestions, thoughts and ideas, don’t hesitate to drop us a line in the comment section below. Thanks!


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Are you curious about how much the Queen of Soul made over her lengthy career in music? After more than 50 years in the industry and over 75 million albums sold, Aretha Franklin net worth is currently estimated to $60 million. It seems music made her feel a very rich woman.

Aretha Franklin Net Worth: $60 million

How did Aretha Franklin net worth reach $60 million? Let us guide you throughout her successful story. We’ve got all he answers.

Aretha Franklin

Aretha’s Bio and Career Development

Aretha Franklin is one of America’s legendary voices. Her passion for music goes back to her childhood. Born in Tennessee, in a family of preachers, she grew up in Detroit, Michigan. At the age of 10 she was already singing gospel solos in her father’s church and various churches in the region. Beside her wonderful voice, she had a talent for playing the piano as well.

Her gospel career didn’t add much to Aretha Franklin net worth so she decided to pursue a career in the pop music industry. She started singing at the age of 18, after having signed with Columbia Records. Her debut wasn’t as successful as she hoped, but she came to conquer the charts a few years later under a contract with Atlantic Records. Those were the times when she released her highest acclaimed albums.

Still a renowned and loved singer and songwriter, Aretha gained recognition with singles like ‘(You Make Me Feel) A Natural Woman’, ‘Respect’, and ‘Think’. Today, she is mostly known for these hits and other songs like ‘Ain’t No Way’, ‘I Say a Little Prayer’, ‘Bridge Over Troubled Water’, ‘Chain of Fools’. These justly brought her the title of the Queen of Soul by the end of the 1960s.

Aretha Franklin is not only loved by her public, but also a highly acclaimed artist. In 1979 she received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame, and 15 years later she was given a medal from the Kennedy Center Honors. In

With 18 Grammy awards ‘in her pocket’, she also added two Honorary Grammys to her collection over the years. Moreover, in 1987 she becomes one of the most influential artists inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. She is the first female artist to be included in the museum’s archive. Also, according to two lists of Rolling Stone Magazine, Aretha places no. 9 of the 100 Greatest Artists of All Time and no. 1 of the 100 Greatest Singers of All Time.

Still an active musician over the last decade, she performed at the first inauguration of President Barack Obama in 2009. Also, in 2014 she released ‘Aretha Franklin Sings the Great Diva Classics’, featuring a cover of Adele’s ‘Rolling in the Deep’. Let’s take a listen of her beautiful interpretation.

Aretha Franklin Net Worth Over Decades

What made Aretha Franklin net worth show 8 figures? Over the years, the R&B artist recorded 112 Billboard hits, and sold over 75 million records. She remained in the history of music as the most charted female American singer of all times. The beginnings of her career, though, didn’t look so promising.

Her first album, ‘Songs of Faith’, came out in 1956. Although she released two gospel singles, these achievements weren’t satisfying enough for young Aretha. She debuted as a pop singer in 1961 with ‘Aretha: With the Ray Bryant Combo’.

Indeed, her first public performances as a professional singer were not a commercial success, but she was well received by the public, reaching the top ten R&B chart. Aretha Franklin net worth boosted in the late 1960s, along with her album ‘I Never Loved a Man the Way I Love you’, which went gold.

Her success grew tremendously during the 1970s, when she rocked the charts with ten singles such as ‘Rock Steady’, ‘Day Dreaming’, ‘Angel’ and ‘I’m in Love’.

After releasing two praised records, ‘Spirit in The Dark’ and ‘Young, Gifted & Black’, her gospel album, ‘Amazing Grace’, sold more than 2 million copies.

In 1980, after a few years of failing to keep the high standard, she signed with Arista Records. After seven years, ‘Jump to It’ went gold, and in 1985, her album ‘Who’s Zoomin’ Who’ was certified platinum with more than a million copies sold. After another two years, she returned to her gospel passion, and released ‘One Lord, One Faith, One Baptism’.

During the 1990s, Aretha was back in the charts with singles like ‘A Deeper Love’, ‘Willing to Forgive’ and ‘A Rose is Still a Rose’. By the end of the decade, she gained international recognition with her performance of ‘Nessun Dorma’ at the Grammy Awards. She continued to aim high, and in 2004 won a Grammy with her ‘Wonderful’ song.

Throughout her golden career, Aretha had no less than twenty no. 1 singles on Billboard Hot Top charts. The legendary singer had even more than one hit that reached the top every year from 1967 to 1974. She totally and ceaselessly rocked the R&B stage until 1985. Here are just a few of her highly acclaimed songs:

I Never Loved a Man (The Way I Love You) – 1967

Respect – 1967

Think – 1968

Share Your Love with Me – 1969

Call Me – 1970

Spanish Harlem – 1971

Day Dreaming – 1972

Angel – 1973

I’m in Love – 1974

Something He Can Feel – 1976

Break It to Me Gently – 1977

Jump to It – 1982

Get It Right – 1983

Freeway of Love – 1985

Quick Facts about the ‘Queen of Soul’

Full NameAretha Louise Franklin
Date and Place of Birth March 25, 1942Memphis, Tennessee
Aretha Franklin Net Worth$60 million
Source of Wealth Music
Known forSinging
GenresR&B, Soul, Jazz, Gospel, Pop
Best-loved Singles‘Respect’‘Think’‘(You Make Me Feel) A Natural Woman’
Important Awards & TitlesGrammy AwardsAmerican Music AwardsHollywood Walk of Fame StarNo. 1 of the 100 Greatest Singers of All Time (Rolling Stone Magazine list)
FamilySpouses: Ted White (married 1961; divorced 1969)Glynn Turman (married 1978; divorced 1984)Children: Ted White Jr., Edward Franklin, Kecalf Cunningham, Clarence Franklin


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If you are not Brazilian, or a jazz aficionado ‘bossa nova’ may sound a bit obscure. Let’s find out what bossa nova is all about.

Bossa Nova Meaning

Literally, bossa nova means ‘new trend’, and particularly refers to a style of Brazilian jazz music characterized by a harmonic, poetic, flamboyant, yet soft interpretation of samba.

For Brazilians, the word ‘bossa’ means more than a tendency or ‘wave’. It is a slang denoting something done with enthusiasm and charm. The first usage of the phrase is noted in a samba song from 1932, ‘Coisas Nossas’ by Noel Rosa. According to the lyrics, ‘bossa’ is that special ‘something’ Brazilians have, which is an endearing quality and particular perspective on life. The lyrics sound like this: ‘O samba, a prontidão e outras bossas são nossas coisas, são coisas nossas.’ (‘The samba, the readiness and other bossas are our things, are things from us’).

in a bossa nova mood

No wonder Bossa Nova is internationally recognized as the Brazilian Popular Music, and as any jazz genre, it was initially associated with the poorer or middle-classes.

However, the origins of the phrase ‘bossa nova’ are still in a fog. According to Ruy Castro, the author of a book on Bossa Nova, the term was certainly used during the late 1950s to denote a new wave in Brazilian music. Bossa Nova later came to define a unique way of singing and playing samba. Influenced by American Jazz, the new style was born out of improvisation and it is an innovation brought to Brazilian traditional rhythms.

Bossa Nova: A Brief History

The beginnings of Bossa Nova as a movement in the history of Brazilian music go back to the late 1950s and early 1960s. Those were the golden years of ‘The New Wave’, characterized by a fizzy collaboration between artists. Singers, composers and poets like Tom Jobim, Vinicius de Moraes and João Gilberto used to meet and exchange ideas and artistic experiences on the streets of Ipanema.

This smooth version of samba is said to have been greatly influenced by the work of the renowned songwriter Antonio Carlos Jobim and the gifted guitarist João Gilberto. Pieces like ‘Girl From Ipanema’ and ‘Brazil’ brought Bossa Nova international recognition and conquered the attention of the American jazzmen Stan Getz.

The first official Bossa Nova LP dates from 1958. Entitled ‘Canção do Amor Demais’ (Song of Too Much Love), the vinyl was recorded by Elizabeth Cardoso, with music by Tom Jobim, lyrics by Vinícius de Moraes, and guitar accompaniment by João Gilberto.

If Bossa Nova was well received by listeners, it wasn’t highly praised by Brazilian critics. One of the main aspects criticized was the idiosyncratic interpretation of popular samba, translated into dissonant chords and pauses typically of jazz. As any other new wave in music, Bossa Nova was first perceived as highly provocative.  Other critics, though, embraced the new genre as one of the greatest innovations in Brazilian music.

Bossa Nova Notable Artists

These Rio bohemians are the quintessential figures of the ‘New Wave’:

  • Antonio Carlos Jobim or simply Tom Jobim was one of the leading figures and creators of Bossa Nova. He is internationally known for creating ‘Girl of Ipanema’, which he later recorded with Frank Sinatra while living in the States. His creations remain some of the best, most sophisticated and poetic works of the Bossa Nova movement. As a sign of appreciation, the Rio de Janeiro International Airport was renamed after Jobim in 1994, the year of his death.
  • Vinicius de Morães was a renowned Brazilian poet, who greatly contributed to the invention of Bossa Nova in collaboration with Tom Jobim. Together with the Gilberto couple they brought the new wave of Brazilian music into international light, and influenced the course of jazz music. Nowadays, the street where Vinicius and Tom used to meet, place which inspired them to create ‘Girl from Ipanema’, is named after de Morães.
  • João Gilberto was one of the fathers of Bossa Nova, praised for a poetic and charming vocal style, as well as for an innovative way of playing the acoustic guitar. With ‘Chega de Saudade’, Gilberto conquered Brazil, and soon after, the entire world.
  • Astrud Gilberto is the iconic singer of the new style of Brazilian music. She is best known for interpreting the Grammy-winning song ‘Girl of Ipanema’.
  • Roberto Menescal was a jazz guitar player and one of the most important creators of Bossa Nova.
  • Stan Getz is one of the greatest American jazz saxophonists. Although he was not Brazilian, Getz popularized the Bossa Nova movement.

Other Influential Bossa Nova Artists:


Nara Leão, Bebel Gilberto, Eliane Elias, Elis Regina, Sérgio Mendes, Baden Powell, Maria Rita, Sitti Navarro, Rosalia De Souza, Celso Fonseca, Luiz Bonfá, Carlos Lyra, Tamba Trio, Gal Costa, Seu Jorge.

Popular Bossa Nova Songs

‘Chega de Saudade’ translated as ‘No More Blues’ (1959)

  • Music by Tom Jobim, with lyrics by Vinícius de Moraes, and interpretation by João Gilberto.
  • Considered the first Bossa Nova song.

‘Desafinados’ translated as ‘Slightly Out of Tune’ (1959)

  • Composed by Tom Jobim, with lyrics by Newton Mendonça.
  • The title is emblematic for the Bossa Nova style.

‘Corcovado’ translated as ‘Quiet Nights of Quiet Stars’ (1960)

  • Composed by Tom Jobim.
  • The central reference is the Corcovado mountain in Rio de Janeiro.

 ‘Mas Que Nada’ known in English as ‘Come On!’ (1963)

  • Composed and performed by Jorge Ben, the song was inducted to the Latin Grammy Hall of Fame.
  • This song speaks of the legacy and influence of Bossa Nova as the version of Sérgio Mendes was released by the Black Eyed Peace in 2006.

‘Águas de Março’ translated as ‘Waters of March’(1974)

  • Written by Tom Jobim.
  • Nominated as the best Brazilian song in 2001.

‘Garota de Ipanema’ translated as ‘Girl From Ipanema’ (1975)

  • Music by Tom Jobim and lyrics by Vinícius de Moraes, performed by João Gilberto and Stan Getz.


Typical Bossa Nova Instruments

The typical Bossa Nova instruments are the classical guitar and drums, but you can also hear piano, acoustic bass and electronic sounds.

Emblematic for the Bossa Nova style, though, are the nylon-string classical guitar and the percussion instruments. João Gilberto is the artist exemplifying a new way of playing the guitar, applying rhythms specifically to samba.

Contemporary Bossa Nova

Over the years, Bossa Nova was eclipsed by other music genres, but it still lives today in a unique blend of jazz and lounge music.

Experience the charming rhythms of Brazil by listening to these three jazz radio online stations:

Bossa Nova

Smooth Bossa Nova

Fusion Lounge

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Wonder how much money Jennifer made after reaching the American Idol finals? You wouldn’t believe it but Jennifer Hudson net worth is now estimated at $20 million. This bright and beautiful artist is the perfect example of how not winning a singing competition is not the end of the world, but the beginning of a successful career in showbiz.

Stay with us to find out everything about her wealth and popularity sources, career development and personal life over the last ten years.

Jennifer Hudson Net Worth: $20 million

With a rising career in music and movie industry, Jennifer Hudson net worth grew tremendously after she got into the American Idol finals, and is currently estimated to $20 million. So, beside singing, her wealth is also due to her acting projects which brought her numerous awards.

Jennifer Hudson

Short Bio and Career Development

Born on September 12, 1981, in Chicago, Illinois, Jennifer Hudson is an African American actress, music artist and spokesperson. She started singing from an early age but came into public attention only in 2004, when she entered American Idol reality singing competition. Before that, the church was her stage, where she developed singing and acting skills as a member of the choir and by doing community theatre.

The odds looked favorable to Jennifer after she entered the American Idol, but she didn’t win the competition as expected. However, this didn’t stop her achieve a net worth of $20 million over the next ten years with a successful career in music and films.

In 2006 she got a part in the Broadway musical Dreamgirls, starring Beyonce Knowles, Eddy Murphy and Jamie Foxx. Portraying Effie White brought her 29 awards including Academy Award for Best Actress, BAFTA award, Screen Actors Guild Award for Best Supporting Actress, a Golden Globe, and above all, an Oscar.

As an actress, Jennifer Hudson has also performed in The Secret Life of Bees, Winnie Mandela, The Three Stooges, as well as in The Sex and the City. If her movie debut and career was such a rocking success, let’s have a look at her debut in music.

In 2008, Jennifer releases her first album – Jennifer Hudson – which debuted at no. 2 in the US Billboard 200 and earned her a Grammy Award in the Best R&B Album category. Her first recording contract, though, dates from 2002, when she signed with Righteous Records. She gave up to the contract to participate in the American Idol show in 2004, but she acknowledges that those were two years of gaining valuable stage, live performance experience with the help of David Johnson.

After her debut in music, she collaborated with Ne-Yo and Rick Ross for ‘Think Like a Man’, the title track of the ‘Night of Your Life’, and with David Guetta for his album ‘Nothing But The Beat’.

While her acting and singing career were truly a hit, her personal life wasn’t all milk and honey. In 2008 Jennifer went through extremely hard times as her mother, Darnell Donnerson, and her brother Jason were found dead in their Chicago home. As if it wasn’t enough, her nephew Jason, aged 7, was found shot by the FBI. According to newspapers reporting at the time, they were murdered by William Balfour, her sister’s ex-husband who was convicted four years later to life in prison.

In 2009, however, her life gets a bit brighter, having her first child with David Otunga, a professional wrestler in the WWE and a Harvard Law graduate with whom she got engaged a year before.

Things got better and better both professionally and personally, and in 2013 Jennifer received a start on The Hollywood Walk of Fame. Same year, she released her critically acclaimed song ‘I Can’t Describe (How I Feel)’, produced by Pharrell Williams, she performed the Super Bowl XLVII and the Academy Awards.

What is more, she is known as one of the President Barack Obama’s friends, having performed at the White House and appeared with him at a fundraiser in Beverly Hills.

Over Time Net Worth

Her debut album, Jennifer Hudson, sold 998,720 copies worldwide and the estimated earnings as for 2008 boosted Jennifer Hudson net worth with no less than $1 million. Among the female music artists that she says to have influenced her style are: Aretha Franklin, Whitney Houston and Patti LaBelle.

After Jennifer’s first major commercial success in the music industry, her second studio album I Remember Me was released on March 22, 2011 and sold 398,000. This brought her another half million of bucks. 165,000 copies were sold in the first week only and soon her album’s lead single ‘Where You At’ made it to the US Billboard Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs chart at number 53. A few month later, her second single, ‘No One Gonne Love You’ was ranked 23 on the same top.

Where Do All the Money Go?

If Jennifer’s wealth translates in big figures, she is certainly a hard-working artist. But she is also a spender. After spiking up her net worth up to $18 million, in 2013 Jennifer spent no less than $3 million on an enormous 12,000 square-feet house in Chicago, where she now lives.

Her home is a six-bedroom and 7-bathrooms mansion, housing a Movie Theater as well.

Jennifer Hudson Net Worth - New House in Chicago

Moreover, she is driving a 2013 Hyundai Veloster C3, a concept car valued at over $200,000.

Despite her extravagances, Jennifer Hudson net worth doesn’t seem to have suffered much, being currently estimated to $20 million and growing.

She is also known as a philanthropist, giving back to the community and supporting various events through her organization, the Julian D. King Gift Foundation.

Quick Facts

Full NameJennifer Kate Hudson
Date and Place of Birth September 12, 1981Chicago, Illinois
Net Worth$20 million
Source of Wealth RecordingsFilms

Spokeswoman for Weight WatchersKnown forSinging – American Idol contestantR&B music artist

Acting – Dreamgirls (Oscar, 2006)

Best-selling memoir author – I Got This: How I Changed My Ways, Found Myself and Lost Everything that Weighed Me DownImportant AwardsOscar, Golden Globe, Grammy, BAFTA, BET, Academy AwardFamilyEngaged to David OtungaDavid Daniel Otunga Jr. – sonReligionBaptist


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If you are interested in a career in aviation, you should know that the average salary of an air traffic controller ranges from $81,327 to $122,530 per year, with 10% earning less than $64,930 and 10% earning more than $171,340.

According to the United States Bureau of Labor Statistics, the median annual wage was $122,530 in May 2012, while a starting salary for controllers after training was $34,750 at the same date.

 What Does an Air Traffic Controller Do?

To put it simple, air traffic controllers are in charge of aviation safety.

Challenging, exciting, and extremely satisfying are just a few terms used to describe the job of an aviation employee. Every day more than 87,000 flights are guided across US by federal controllers.

For those interested to apply for such positions, there are a few minimum requirements but no air traffic experience is needed as you will be given training by FAA (Federal Aviation Administration).

Air Traffic Controller Salary & Job Outlook

Average air traffic controller salary $81,327 – $122,530 per year
Starting salary as for 2015$36,254
Experience neededNone
Training & certificationsOn-the-job-training
Number of jobs in 201225,000
Employment outlook 2012-2022+ 400 jobs
Work time40 hours per week in shifts

120627-N-NR998-919  ATLANTIC OCEAN (June 27, 2012) Air-Traffic Controller 2nd Class Karina Reid operates the SPN-43 air search radar system while standing approach control aboard the amphibious assault ship USS Wasp (LHD 1). Wasp is participating in the War of 1812 fleet exercise, a week-long multi-national exercise involving 19 ships from the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom, Germany, Norway, Denmark, Brazil, and Portugal, and is designed to increase interoperability with allied nations, improve tactical prowess and certification of participating units. (U.S. Navy photo by Mass Communication Specialist Petty Officer 2nd Class Gretchen M. Albrecht/Released)

ATLANTIC OCEAN (June 27, 2012) Air-Traffic Controller 2nd Class Karina Reid operates the SPN-43 air search radar system

Just to get an idea, in order to become an air traffic controller in USA you need to be a United States citizen younger than 31, have three years of general work experience or a Bachelor’s degree, and pass a few examinations such as medical and psychological and pre-employment tests.  Clear verbal communication is also essential as you need to be understood over communication equipment.

There are several types of air traffic controllers:

  • Tower controllers: Their job is to direct vehicles on runways and taxiways, to check flight plans, and give pilots clearance for takeoff or landing. In order to achieve this, they must be fully aware of flight plans. They are called ‘tower controllers’ as most of them work from control towers to have a clear view over the traffic they are in charged.
  • Approach and departure controllers: ensure the safety of planes while on airport’s airspace. They have to make sure aircraft do not enter each other’s airspace and work in semi dark rooms in buildings called Terminal Radar Approach Control Centers where they use radar equipment to monitor flights. Their main job is also to communicate weather conditions and other vital information to aviators.
  • En route controllers: are in control of aircraft leaving an airport’s airspace. The centers they monitor aircrafts are usually not located within airports, working in traffic control centers throughout the country.
  • Navy air traffic controllers: have tasks similar to civilian air traffic controllers, but their duty implies many more risks. Naval aviation is the toughest career one can choose in this field. As their job is military these air force specialists work in naval aviation facilities, including airfields in war zones. Their job is to help pilots follow their flight plans as to avoid any collisions.

What are the Tasks of an Air Traffic Controller?

To summarize what a controller does, here are the main tasks they have to perform on a daily basis:

  • Monitor and direct planes both on the ground and in the air
  • Use special equipment such as radars and computers
  • Help pilots plot their flight plans, issuing schedules and landing, plus takeoff instructions
  • Control airport traffic, including all vehicles and workers on the ground
  • Provide pilots with critical information, such as weather conditions, runaway closures and other updates
  • Prevent accidents and delays
  • Manage emergencies by alerting the airport response staff

Practically, air traffic controllers are trained to control the skies. Every day, there are more than 15,000 controllers on the job and there are 20 federal air traffic facilities all over USA.

What is the Entry-Level Average Air Traffic Controller Salary?

If we have a look at the pay chart for March 2015, the average wages haven’t changed over the last three years, but an increase can be observed as regards the after-training payment. If in 2012 an air traffic controller at the beginning of his/ her career earned $34,750 per year, in 2015 this salary reached an average of $36,254.

According to FAA’s official website though, pay levels for those who completed training vary depending on criteria such as job performance, facility location, career path and other certifications.

How Much Does an Air Traffic Controller Work?

Most air traffic specialists work 40 hours per week, while some of them take additional hours too. Their schedule varies though as they are required to work overnight or take weekend and holiday shifts. Usually they rotate shifts between day, evening, and night.

As a work pattern, every 90 to 120 minutes of work they get a 30 minutes break.

Controller’s work is continuous, that is why teamwork, trustworthiness and dedication are at the core of their profile. These also represent unofficial requirements expected to be fulfilled by people looking for a career in FAA.

What Are the Benefits Air Traffic Controllers Receive?

According to FAA, the benefits package available for air traffic control specialists includes: health insurance, life insurance, retirement benefits, as well as participation in the federal Thrift Savings Plan.

Interesting facts

According to statistics, the aviation career path is more appealing to men than to women.  Stratified by gender, there are 7% of females working as air traffic controllers, while the majority is male.

Job Prospects

As regards employment opportunities in the US aviation field for the next 5 years, prospects are not very favorable as most job opportunities are projected to address to experienced applicants able to replace employees who retire. Good news is that FAA does not intend to reduce the number of jobs until 2022, but the budget may limit training and hiring new personnel.

If you wish to apply for a job in aviation administration prepare for tough competition. What would definitely favor your application are a proof of prior experience and your willingness to relocate. From this point of view, take note that payment varies depending on facility locations as well.

Good luck!

Image Source: Flickr Creative Commons, Wikimedia

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Chiropractors Salary

Being a chiropractor is a very sensitive job that demands a lot of knowledge and attention.If you are interested in how much do chiropractors make per year, read our comprehensive information below.

According to the BLS salary reports, a chiropractor in the United States, earns around $132,388 per year. The annual income of the upper 10% of the chiropractors is around over $228,140 a year, and the lower 10% of chiropractors make less than $31,030 a year.

Taking into consideration the type of work settings, the medium hourly wage and the annual salary of a chiropractor is :

-chiropractors that are employed at employment services, make an hourly wage of $41,99, respectively $87,340 per year
-chiropractors working at offices of physicians make around $36,58 per hour, respectively $81,760 a year
-chiropractors working at dentist offices make around $59,81 per hour, respectively $124,410 a year
-chiropractors working at other health practitioner offices make around $38,21 per hour , respectively $74,480 a year.

How Much Do Chiropractors Make Per Year and Chiropractor Job Description


Chiropractors are also known as chiropractic practitioners, are healthcare professionals who tend, direct and help the progress of the chiropractic treatment of patients. Usually chiropractors are treating patients with musculoskeletal health conditions, that involve the ligaments, bones, tendons and muscles.

They use a wide range of techniques, like massage therapy, acupuncture, ultrasound, musculoskeletal therapy which includes spinal manipulation meant to treat patients with various conditions, like neck or back pain.

The main duty of chiropractors, include also the evaluation of the patient’s medical condition, they have to perform physical examinations, assessing the spine and posture of the patient, obtaining the diagnostics reports, administering additional treatment like heat or cold application to the injured areas of the body, directing patients with critical conditions to specialized medics and recommending healthy lifestyle to patients who have chronic conditions. Also, chiropractors alleviate pain by treating patients with application of braces, shoe inserts or tape straps.

How Much Do Chiropractors Make – 
Chiropractor Salary in the United States

A starters average rate of hourly pay for a chiropractor salary working in the United States starts around a minimum of $16 and increases to $45 per hour. This rate increases gradually from $24.57-$61.6 depending on overtime. The average salary for a chiropractor varies ranges from $30,612 to $101,100 per year. The annual bonus resides around $19,987.

The annual profit sharing is about $31,943 and commission varies from $1,500 to $18,000. That means that the yearly salary of a chiropractor ranges from $33,224 to $110,402 per year.

According to the BLS percentiles, the average salary of 90% of chiropractors has been around $228,140 annually. Up to 75% of them received $182,508, 50% received around $112,498, 25% received $94,389 and 10% received under $46,060 per year.


BLS reports have shown that based on the work experience, the hourly pay rate and annual salary varies as follows:

-a chiropractor with less than 1 year of experience will make between $30,094 and $90,4022 a year
-a chiropractor with a work experience between 1 and 4 years, will make from $16 to $45 per hour and $25,552 to $78,462
-a chiropractor with 5 to 9 years of experience has a salary of around, $22,50 to $40,21 per hour and $36,246 to $102,890 a year
-a chiropractor with 10 to 19 years of work experience will make between $29,48 to $55,46 per hour and $39,674 to $114,753 per year
-a chiropractor with over 20 years of experience will have a salary of around $24,57 to $61,67 per hour and $48,081 to $146,809 per year.

How Much Do Chiropractors Make – Chiropractor Salary per state

Again, BLS statistics, have shown that, the best paying states in the US when it comes to chiropractors, are Alaska, with a pay of $157,420, North Carolina with $113,330, Massachusetts with $106,340, Chicago with $102,010, Minnesota with $103,240, Washington with $173,220, Florida $145,950, Arkansas $167,280, Ohio with $126,006, Michigan$118,270 and West Kentucky with an annual pay of $109,840.
Image Source: Reclaim The Joy,Feeling the Vibe,Chron